The Gambia is a small, low-lying country on the coast of West Africa, with a population of just over 2.348 million people. The country occupies a long narrow strip of land surrounding the Gambia River.

There are many reasons to visit The Gambia, such as the country’s stunning beaches, exotic plants and animals, friendly people, and food and drink that will take your taste buds to a new world. The Gambia is also known housing the ancestral village of Kunta Kinte, Jufureh.

But, it’s not all about the sights, sounds, and smells: it’s also about the adventure when you travel to The Gambia.

The country depends on the production and export of peanuts to boost its economy.

The country is also safe to visit for the most part, even though it has a high crime rate. Petty crimes are prevalent, so it is better to stay vigilant and take precautionary measures to stay safe.

Geography

The Gambia, located on the Atlantic coast, is bordered by Senegal, except for the short coastline along the Atlantic ocean. It has a peculiar shape and is dominated by the Gambia River.

The country houses narrow valleys in the east and lower sandhills in the west.

Climate

The country has a tropical climate which is typically wet and dry.

The Gambia gets an intense rainy season between June and October. The rainy season is even longer near the coastal areas. The average rainfall at Yumdum is about 1,300 mm.

Humidity is high; however, it drops significantly from December to April due to the dry harmattan wind blowing from the northeast.

Best time to visit The Gambia

November to May is the best time to travel to the Gambia as these mark the long dry season where you can enjoy relaxing at the beaches and explore the country.

Nature and Wildlife

The country houses the savannas and inland swamps.

There are a few wild animals in this country, such as the warthogs, baboons, antelopes, monkeys, and pygmies. Hippopotamuses and crocodiles can be found nearby the rivers.

Besides, you can also find over 500 bird species throughout the country.

Visit the Bijilo Forest Park, the Abuko Nature Reserve, Kiang West National Park, and Baboon Island National Park to check out the bird and wildlife of the country.

People

The country was home to many people who fled the western Sudani wars during the 12th century.

Today, the Diola are the oldest residents of the nation and are primarily based in western Gambia.

The largest ethnic group in the Gambia is the Malinke, who comprise one-third of the country’s population.

They are followed by the Fulani, the Wolof (dominant group of Senegal), the Diola, and the Soninke.

Most of the people are Muslims, and only a small number of people are Christians.

Language

People speak the Atlantic branch of the Niger-Congo languages even though English is the official language.

Other languages spoken in the country are Pulaar, Serer, Soninke, and Diola.

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