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Mount Everest- History, Facts, and Gears

Mount everest- history, facts and gears

Mount Everest needs no introduction when it comes to mountaineering. Genuinely considered the most magnificent mountain globally, reaching the top is a dream for every climber. Mount Everest attracts many climbers, usually experienced mountaineers from around the globe, to Nepal for Mount Everest Expedition.

It is the most challenging climb, as the Mount Everest Summit poses a life threat. Many have died, including veterans. The summit is merciless.

At 60 million years old, Mount Everest holds a mesmerizing history and a little rocky. Although many people know about it, only a handful know about the courage, discipline, and training required to scale this mountain.

The First Mount Everest Expedition Attempt

The first attempted Mt. Everest Expedition was by George Mallory and Guy Bullock in 1921, a British Mount Everest reconnaissance expedition. Guy Bullock was the last-minute replacement for one of the team members who was asked to drop out. George Mallery suggested Guy Bullock. The trip was unsuccessful.

Eventually, two humans got a real taste of success when they were able to scale Everest in 1953.

The First Successful Mount Everest Expedition

The two brave alpinists made the first successful Mount Everest Expedition, Edmund Hillary, a New Zealander, and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa, a Nepali who was a Sherpa on the expedition team.

They were part of the ninth British expedition to Everest, which was led by John Hunt.

Interesting Facts about Mount Everest.

1. Chomolungma (Tibetan word for Everest) means the holy matter of the universe.

2. Mountaineers need about 10,000 to 20,000 calories each day, and the quantity only increases when you go higher towards the summit.

3. The youngest person ever to scale Everest was an American named Jordan Romero. He was only 13 years old when he achieved this amazing feat.

4. There are just a few mountaineers who have traversed Everest from one side to the other. The number of people who have accomplished this daunting task is 14.

5. The oldest person to scale Everest was Miura Yuichiro. He climbed Everest when he was 80 years old.

6. The first woman to scale Everest was Junko Tabei. She was a Japanese mountaineer as well.

7. The temperature can drop as low as -62-degree centigrade.

Movies on Mt. Everest

A lot of movies have been made surrounding the challenges faced by the climbers of Everest. In 2015, stars like Jason Clarke, Josh Brolin, John Hawkes, Robin Wright, Michael Kelly, Sam Worthington, Keira Knightley, Emily Watson, and Jake Gyllenhaal came forward. They worked together to document the movie titled Everest.

The Summit

The summit of Everest is 8848.3 meters above sea level, which is the size of a dining-room table. The layers that make up the mountain include rock, ice, and snow, exclusively in that order. While the size of the rock and the ice layer remains almost the same, the thickness of snow varies every year.

The south summit is the closest to the peak of Everest.

If you reach the south summit, you can see the rare glimpse of the highest point on the planet only a few clicks away. However, there is one more obstacle you have to overcome. The knife ridge is a narrow and steep hill that could scare the life out of you.

Somewhere along the knife ridge is the Hillary step. The Hillary Step is, considered by many, to be the last challenging climb between the south summit and the true summit. Named after the brave alpinist Sir Edmund Hillary, it is known as the most technically challenging part of the ascent.

There is the usual danger of a drop from this height (3000 meters on the right and 2000 meters on the left). Mt. Everest is classified as a class 4 rock climb.

This part of the trek is trickier and unpredictable. It can get from right to worse according to changing circumstances.

Training for climbing Mt. Everest

The ascent to the tallest peak in the world is no joke. It requires a strong commitment and discipline on the part of the climber. The alpinist needs to be comfortable while also being extremely careful. It involves a lot of mental and physical coordination.

Before going on the wildest adventure of your life, you need to be in command of your physical and psychological self. You need to be appropriately motivated, as climbing takes an unimaginable toll on the climber. Imagine you are in an environment with oxygen getting scarce with every step you take? Every step you take is equal to walking more than a mile. You are exhausted to the bone, but you need to keep walking.

You must have practice staying inside the tent for hours without losing your composure. The most important aspect you should consider while training your body is to prepare it for the intense and unpredictable weather.

The challenges could weaken your resolve, and it might render you sick. You should prepare for the situation where your climbing partners get sick. You have to be strong enough to carry them.

All the hindrances would break a regular guy. It requires mental fortitude and a capability to adjust to changing circumstances.

You need to build up by scaling mountains and learning from these experiences. Have a realistic understanding of your current physical condition. The duration and intensity of the training will depend on it. You should train based on your expectations and ambitions.

Endurance

Lhakpa Sherpa is a Nepalese alpinist who has scaled Everest seven times. She is the record holder as a female for this feat. She even climbed Everest when she was two months pregnant and eight months after the birth of her child.

Having not received any formal training in mountaineering, she puts massive faith in her endurance. She says that perseverance should exist on both mental and physical levels. She explains that mental strength is the key to success.

A significant amount of people gear up for this dangerous expedition every year, but only 1 out of those four come back alive. While more and more people are getting involved, neither modern technology nor expert advice can eliminate the Everest expedition’s inherent threats.

The greatest skill-set you should polish is your endurance which can help you gain a safe trek.

List of gears needed for climbing Mt. Everest

a.Crampons

Regular mountaineering crampons will be the best choice. Crampons are better suited to the icy mountains because they create tractions. A 12 point crampon will generate more friction than 10 point crampon.

Steel crampons are also superior to aluminum crampons as they stand up to the rigors of walking on the icy rocks.

b. Ice Axe

An ice ax is an important and versatile tool in mountaineering. While a general mountaineering ax will suffice, but you need the ax that best suits your needs.

The length of the ax can be anywhere between 50 cm to 70 cm. The 50 cm ax is best for relatively short people, while the taller people feel comfortable using the 70 cm ax.

c. Accessory Cord

Accessory cords can be used for a couple of reasons, like climbing rigging and prussiking. We should use the standard 40 feet of 6 mm accessory cords.

d. Carabiner System

Two big oval wire gate carabiners, two small wire gate carabiners, one sizeable pear-shaped locking wire gate carabiners, and one large locking carabiner will be enough for a safe expedition.

e. Alpine climbing harness

The newer models of the alpine climbing harness are equipped with features like a belay loop and require no doubling back your waist-back models. Also, buy a harness that fits you and suits your needs.

f. Belay device

You would be better off using the modern-tube style belay device.

g.Trekking Poles

You should use the collapsible trekking/skiing poles.

h. Ascender

The ascender must be in excellent condition for the period of your climb, so chose carefully.

i. Footwear

For your feet, buy some pair of wool socks and thin liner socks to wear underneath your woolen socks. You can wear different shoes according to the situation.

While sleeping in your tent, wear insulated camp boots. While passing across a dry trail, you might want to use light hiking boots. All these can be made obsolete using high-altitude all-in-one boots. However, you might want to take all of these for your comfort.

j. Technical clothing

At the base layer, you should wear lightweight pants, long-sleeved shirts, and short-sleeved shirts. Use non-cotton fabrics, and even better if you use woolen fabrics.

You should also buy the heavy expedition-weight base layer bottoms used in icy conditions. You should also buy a midweight, form-fitting fleece layer for use over base layers.

Hoods are also useful for the expedition. Also, buy 1-2 pairs of lightweight nylon trekking pants. We recommend simple models made with synthetic fabrics and offer pockets for convenience.

Zip-off models are not required but are preferred by some.

k. Handwear

You should buy a pair of lightweight liner gloves and a pair of insulated shell gloves for handwear. Get a climbing helmet that perfectly fits your head. You should get a ski hat, facemask, and glacier glasses.

High-quality ski goggles provide protection over the hot sun and the stormy snow-wind. While noseguards are optional, make sure you pack a modern outdoor LED headlamp.

While buying an internal frame climbing/trekking pack, make sure that it is light and comfortable on your back. You should carry a spoon, bowl, knife, and a pee bottle with you as well.

You must bring your medicines with you if you are a prescription. Carry a first-aid kit box involving painkillers, Moleskin, bandages, and antiseptic wipes.

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