Ghana is a West African country, also known as the Republic of Ghana. It is located on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea.

It is a country that is often overlooked by all of the tourists that go to Africa each year.

It is a country that many people don’t get the chance to go to, and when they do, they are amazed at the beautiful sights that the country has to offer. From the arts and crafts to the food, music, and beautiful beaches, this country that has it all.

When people go to Ghana, they have the chance to explore the country, see some of the beautiful sights, and experience some of the cultures that the country has to offer.

Ghana, formerly known as the Gold Coast, became the first sub-Saharan nation to gain independence from colonial rule in 1957. Besides, Ghana is also famous for its gold, cocoa, and oil.

The country has lush forests, beautiful sandy beaches, and diverse wildlife. Ghana also boasts a rich history and cultural heritage.

The nation gets its name from the medieval trading empire situated northwest of today’s Ghana.
Its administrative capital, Accra, is a booming trading hub that serves as a center of commerce and education.

Geography

Burkina Faso borders Ghana to the northwest and north, Togo to the east, Cote d’Ivoire to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south.

The country is situated on a low elevation. Its northern regions consist of a dissected peneplain.

The southern regions consist of rolling Accra Plains whereas, the eastern region consists of predominant rocks.

Climate

It has two seasons: dry season and wet season.

The dry season starts from November to March. It has hot days and cool nights. Whereas, the wet season starts in August and lasts till September.

The annual temperature ranges from 26-29 degrees celsius. The hottest months in Ghana are February and March, whereas the coldest is January (in the coastal areas, August).

Best time to visit Ghana

The best time to travel to Ghana is from October to March. These months are cool and less humid.

Avoid visiting the country in December as the Saharan wind causes haze and dust. This wind also causes your skin to be dry.

Wildlife

Ghana has abundant wild animals. Indeed, hunting and growing human settlement have reduced it to some extent.

However, it still boasts an astounding number of large mammals such as lions, elephants, antelope, leopards, buffalo, wild hogs, and varieties of monkeys.

You can also find varieties of snakes such as pythons, cobras, green mambas, and horned and puffed adders.

As you visit the rivers and lagoon, you’ll spot crocodiles, manatees, and hippopotamuses.

It is an excellent place for birdwatching too. You’ll see many kinds of birds such as kingfishers, parrots, hornbills, eagles, kites, herons, and more.

The sealife of Ghana is equally impressive. It is also a fine place to go fishing. The coastal waters constitute fish species such as anchovy, tuna, sardines, mackerel, edible turtles, crabs, lobsters, prawns, and more.

Visit the Mole National Park to check out the abundant game population.

People

Ghana has 75 ethnic groups. The largest ethnic group of Ghana is Akan, Mole-Dagbani, Ewe, Ga-Adangme, and Gurma.

Ghana’s maximum people are Christians, followed by Muslims, Roman Catholics, and other indigenous religions.

Ethnic clashes have occurred in the past, leaving many fatalities. Now, everyone lives in harmony.
English is also widely spoken throughout the country.

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