If you are a person who loves trekking, hiking, or expedition, then Mt. Everest has to be on the top of your list. If it is, then today, we will share nine amazing facts about Everest you wish you knew.
#1 Facts about Mount Everest: The Name
Shortly after the 17th century, when explorers were the national hero and exploration and discovery was the thing, many places lacked names, and people used to point, to indicate areas. A project aimed to measure the Indian Subcontinent begun in 1802.
Colonel William Lambton, a surveyor, and a geographer, began a triangulation survey. The initial survey was to measure the width of the peninsula of India between Madras and Maharastra. Later named the Great Trigonometrical Survey, in 1819 was succeeded by his assistant George Everest.
The Great Trigonometrical Survey employed thousands of employees. The survey cost a lot of lives during the work, usually from tigers and malaria. George Everest, a British surveyor, and geographer served as Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843.
Amongst them was, Sickdhar, a Calcuttaian working on the computation of data collected by surveyors.
When Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General, glimpsed it from near Darjeeling, Mount Everest was identified as peak XV and a possible contender for the world’s highest peak in 1847.
Numerous computations were recorded over the year by different survey parties. Surveyor Radhanath Sikdar was the first to identify peak XV as the highest mountain with his calculation in 1852.
Only in 1856, the announcement for the highest mountain was made, as the calculations were to be checked repeatedly.
Andrew Waugh proposed the mountain after his predecessor Sir George Everest, in his honor.
In the Nepalese language, Mount Everest is known as ‘Sagarmatha,’ which means ‘Goddess of the Sky.’
#2 Facts about Mount Everest: Human vs. Nature
Burj Khalifa, the tallest ever made human marvel with a height of 829.8 meters, wouldn’t even scratch the surface. Mt. Everest is ten times bigger than Burj Khalifa.
In the early ages of aviation, Ralph Johnstone became the first American to die by setting an American flight altitude record at 2582 meters. Surpassing that Mount McKinley is also known as Denali, at the height of 6,168 meters located in Alaska, is the highest mountain peak in North America.
At around 7620 meters, standard helicopters reach the maximum altitude. The death zone of Mount Everest, at the height of above 8000 meters, has claimed many lives before reaching Everest.
Standing at a breathtaking height of 8848 meters, Everest is incomparable to anything ever know to a man.
#3 Facts about Mount Everest: Growing Everest
Mount Everest grows 4 mm high every year and 40 centimeters (16 inches) per century. It is due to the movement of tectonic plates upon which Everest stands. And Everest will continue to be the highest mountain in the world.
#4 Facts about Mount Everest: Before Tenzing Norge and Edmund Hillary
After 1921 when the first British expedition was organized primarily for mapping and surveillance, 11 attempts were made to reach the world’s top.
It wasn’t until the year 1953 when Tenzing Norge Sherpa and Edmund Hillary became the first people to set their foot on the peak of Everest.Both of them trained for years after failing earlier expeditions. It was the ninth British expedition, led by John Hunt, with two pairs of climbers.
However, Edmund and Tenzing were the second pair of climbers from the group. The first pair of climbers was Charles Evans and Tom Bourdillion, who achieved 8750 meters, 100 meters below the final summit. Due to oxygen equipment problems and lack of time, they could not go any further.
#5 Facts about Mount Everest: Annual attempts
More and more people are attracted to the top of the world, with a tentative figure of 1000 climbers trying to summit Mount Everest. With a success rate of only 29%, only half of them reach the summit of Everest.
As a whole, 6871 ascents have been done by over 4042 people since Edmund and Tenzing, which means some climbers reaching the top multiple times.
#6 Facts about Mount Everest: Death Tolls
Besides having less oxygen and the potential for long falls from cliffs, Mount Everest climbers suffer from the effects of the extremely high altitude.
Many people mark Mount Everest as their final resting place. It is recorded that more than 300 climbers have lost their lives on the verge of summit Everest. The majority of Nepalese are the ones to lose their life the most in Everest, with 111 climbers dying amongst the 300 mountaineers.
#7 Facts about Mount Everest: Number of Dead Bodies in Mount Everest
There are more than 306 dead bodies of climbers at the mountain. Avalanches are the greatest cause of death; suffocation, fatigue, and starvation are the later reasons.
#8 Facts about Mount Everest: Death Zone
The area above the 8,000 meters of Mount Everest is known as the ‘Death Zone’ due to the lack of oxygen, cold, and exhaustion.
On the brighter side, the death rate of mountain climbers is declining due to the development of mountaineering gears and accurate weather forecasts.
#9 Facts about Mount Everest: World’s highest cleanup campaign
Being the highest mountain, it attracts many people from around the globe each year. Over the years, Mount Everest has suffered increasing pollution, with climbers leaving behind empty gas canisters, tents, food wrappers, and human feces.
The world’s highest cleaning campaign began on April 14 which lasted for 45 days. A specialized team of 14 members collected three metric tons of garbage, including discarded climbing gears, plastic cans, and bottles.
#10 Facts about Mount Everest: Guinness Most Ascent of Everest (male)
Most of the adventurers wouldn’t mind visualizing the summit of the world. Only a few get to reveal reality. Amongst them is Kami Rita.
Born in 1970, kami Rita is a Nepalese Sherpa guide who is the “Guinness most ascent of Everest.”
On May 15, 2019, he summited Everest and returned to base camp before returning once more, for the second time in one week. He successfully ascended the peak of Everest for the 24th time, breaking his own world record,
He has summited others as well, some of them being k2, Cho-Oyu, Manaslu, Annapurna, and Lhotse.
#11 Facts about Mount Everest: Youngest and Oldest climbers of Everest
The summiteers are mostly of middle age, apart from these two people.
Jorden Romero from the USA climbed Mount Everest at 13 with his father, step-mother, and three sherpas.
Yuichiro Miura is the oldest to climb Mount Everest, at the age of 80 in 2013. He broke his record to summit Everest, which was set in 2003 when he was 70. He is also the same guy who skied down Everest in 1971.
#12 Facts about Mount Everest: Blind Man Summits the Everest
A blind person named Erik Weihenmayer from the United States has reached the summit in 2001.
#13 Facts about Mount Everest: Not the Tallest Mountain in the World
Mount Everest is NOT the tallest mountain in the world. It is the highest above sea level. The tallest mountain in Hawaii’s Mauna Kea with 10,210 m (33,500 ft) from base-to-peak.
#14 Facts about Mount Everest: Cannot be claimed without a 10-weeks Training
You cannot climb Mount Everest straightaway. It takes a total of 10 weeks, where you will have to train from base camps time and again to adapt yourself to the high altitude.
#15 Facts about Mount Everest: The Two O’Clock Rule
Climbers follow the ‘two o’clock rule’ when summiting Mount Everest. The rule states that you need to get to the summit by 2 PM, or you will have to return back due to the cold and unpredictable weather, which may cause accidents.
#16 Facts about Mount Everest: Network Connectivity
Mount Everest has 4G coverage and wifi services. A hiker named Kenton Cool was the first person to tweet from the peak.
#17 Facts about Mount Everest: Speed of Wind
The speed of the wind at Mount Everest is 200 mph. Mount Everest is exposed to the fast and freezing winds of the jet stream as the mountain’s peak extends into the troposphere and penetrates up to the stratosphere.
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