The country of Chad is a landlocked nation in north-central Africa.

Chad is a beautiful country to visit because of its ethnic diversity, delicious cuisine, landscapes, and fantastic wildlife.

Visit the national museum of Chad to learn about the country’s history that dates back to several thousand years.

Some of the other best sites to visit in Chad are Goz Beida, Abeche, Moundou, Tibesti Mountains, Emnedi, Faya Largeau, and Sarh.

Chad is considered not so tourist-friendly destination as crime, terrorism, and kidnapping prevails in some areas. Therefore, visit this country at your own risk and take utmost precaution while you do so.

Geography

Chad is Africa’s fifth-largest country. Its northern part lies in the Sahara, so most people live by lands suitable for agriculture.

Libya borders the country to the north, whereas Sudan borders Chad to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger to the west.

Chad has a shallow basin that gradually rises from Lake Chad in the west. Besides, it constitutes a large basin bordered by mountains on the north, east, and south.

Climate

Chad’s climatic conditions vary from wet and dry tropical to hot arid. It has one short rainy season.

The dry season in Chad starts in December and lasts till February. It is the hottest in March.

Chad gets heavy rains at N’Djamena in July. The cool season begins in November.

Best time to visit Chad

The best time to explore Chad is from October/November to March. These months fall in the dry season and have less rainfall.

Nature and Wildlife

Chad has three vegetation zones.

The wet and dry tropical zone prevails in the south. Consequently, these areas have tall grasses, shrubs, and scattered deciduous trees.

The semiarid tropical (Sahel) zone has savanna vegetation, whereas the hot arid zone comprises dunes and plateaus.

The tall grasses of the savanna zone comprise abundant wildlife such as elephants, hippopotamuses, rhinoceros, warthogs, antelopes, lions, giraffes, leopards, and cheetahs.
It also constitutes a variety of birds and reptiles.

The rivers and lakes of Chad house the most prosperous fish species in all of Africa.

Unfortunately, swarms of insects are also present in humid regions, which are dangerous and can be life-threatening.

People

Chad has a variety of ethnicities representing different religions and languages. It is due to the intersection between linguistic, cultural, and social interchange.

The people of Chad speak more than 100 languages. These languages are divided into 12 groups, namely, the Sara Bongo-Bagirmi group, the Mundang-Tuburi-Midum language, the Chado-Hamitic group, the Kanembu-Zaghawa language, the Maba group, the Tama languages, Daju language, Central African group languages like Sangi, the Bua group, the Momo, the Somrai group, and the Fur.

Arabic is also one of the two official languages of the country. The other official language is French, which is used for communication and while giving instructions.

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